Thursday, January 20, 2011

Types of Cyclamen Flowers

Beautiful White Cyclamen FlowerBeautiful White Cyclamen Flower

Think of cyclamen and the chances are immediately thought of Mother's Day, this is a pity. Now do not get me wrong, there is nothing wrong with the mother or one day, but it seems a little unfortunate when such beautiful, adaptable and useful plants become so commercial it is difficult to avoid that association.
However, no plant as beautiful as the wild cyclamen can remain so neatly packaged and presented as part of its cultivated forms may have it. Gardeners are always willing to experiment, what might be considered for outdoor use of indoor plants, and look for less, but the hardy varieties widely grown garden.
Once considered by many species of cyclamen are, including the current is considered to be only 19 species, including some previously considered subspecies and in different forms. Primula related, they form a few large tubers or numerous small, quickly spread to cover a considerable area, if happy. They occur naturally in southern Europe, West Asia and North Africa, neighboring and a species from the humid regions of Somalia, and Western Asia as many bulbs, corms and tubers, some species have become rare wild because they have been collected by commercial bulb gatherers and hobbies persons.
Cyclamen generally most at home in the very dry, some shadow, good drainage conditions, such as might be found in the rockery. Although cold hardiness is not the same species, if planted in carefully selected sites, can be grown in gardens and many inland coast of New Zealand can also develop. While the exact flowering time is not the same species, no large bloom in the summer, cool months, from March to October as the main season.

Romantic Red Cyclamen FlowerRomantic Red Cyclamen Flower

The most famous is the cyclamen cyclamen, which is so widely cultivated as an indoor gift plants, it is usually called florist cyclamen. This species, or the numerous hybrids, or may be derived from it, is a native of the eastern Mediterranean, Libya and Rhode Island and Crete. True species, sometimes, but often difficult to distinguish between the cultivation methods, with dark green marble and silver leaf weight and fragrant flowers, reflexed petals to 3 cm long, can be white, purple or any shade from light pink to a cherry color. This natural variation and degree of difficulty, it has to adapt to the plant pot is now - a universal favorite.
Cyclamen is so well known, and its dismissal of it is too general fashion, look, not less widely grown species. However, things have become so popular, you do not find the secret of success in the florist's cyclamen. It is lush, the people in a huge beautiful flowers range of colors and styles, which bloom from fall to spring, can be grown indoors or outdoors in mild climate. What else can you want?
Ah, maybe you will need greater cold tolerance, fewer leaves, more flowers, more the kind of tolerance and the sun diminutive stature, so that the best rockery and alpine plants, so attractive. Which is the three varieties, followed by the list of the most widely cultivated cyclamen really shine, without loss of function of the gardeners, we are always looking under the guidance of the British.
Cyclamen has been popular in the UK, but few successful outdoor cyclamen in the UK climate. That other species have been found and developed into a garden plant. The first of these is the local cyclamen purple, from Central and Eastern European countries, and in its common form of formerly Cyclamen europaeum. This small species of marble, rounded to ivy-like leaves and deep pink flowers open in late summer. While still popular British and European gardens, Cyclamen, met purple is not common here, but the growth of the style, paving the way for the training of three species: Cyclamen coum, Cyclamen hederifolium and cents off to repandum.

Exotic Purple Cyclamen FlowerExotic Purple Cyclamen Flower

There is no doubt my favorite, the tough little plant, found from the northern Caucasus, Bulgaria and Syria and Iran, and may extend south to Israel. Dark leaves small, usually 25 to 50 mm wide, and a large number of marble, with red undersides. These flowers are tiny, too, may be white, pale pink or tend to magenta. They open and continue to increase from early winter to Spring. These flowers have a significant anti-frost, although they look very depressed, you can freeze, they immediately take heart to melt. This is an amazing plant rockery or alpine valleys, and in the home, the sun or shaded.

Formerly known as Cyclamen neapolitanum, still selling under the name of the beautiful marble, ivy-like leaves of this native of southern Europe and Turkey, disappeared in spring, no longer appear until well after the plant has started flowering in late summer . Small flowers appear in a wide range of colors and seasonal flowers, stems began to coil spring-like, down to the ground as the seed capsule development.

This species is found from southern France, Greece and has large, lobed leaves dark green, silver-gray spots are obvious, and marbling. Considering its lush foliage, spring blooming habits and the Mediterranean home, which is surprisingly frost hardy. It is a pleasant aroma of flowers, petals up to 20 mm long, a white and pink to light all sorts of red.
These three species are so common, if you see a garden, is obviously not Cyclamen Cyclamen, then it may well cyclamen coum, Cyclamen hederifolium, Cyclamen repandum, or a subspecies or forms of these species. However, collectors and enthusiasts, is what they are, there are imports of other species, you may occasionally see fun.

Amazing Pink Cyclamen FlowerAmazing Pink Cyclamen Flower

The species is so little I do not want to say that they have no arable land. In fact, it is likely that they are in the garden - where - in one form or another. However, although I have learned to never say never when it comes to what is found in our garden, I have not seen in Somalia species, Cyclamen somalense.
The other African species, Cyclamen africanum, from Algeria is also very rare. It has a very smooth, Serrated leaves 10 cm long and 25 mm wide flowers, which are deep pink, opening in the fall, fragrant violets. It is somewhat similar to Cyclamen hederifolium and with the white flowers of deep pink Cyclamen Cyclamen ciliatum from Turkey is usually the first to start blooming in late summer or early autumn.
Also from Africa, the Libyan Cyclamen rohlfsianum silver leaves bright green marble, pink hair covered, when young, fine. Its bright pink flowers open in the fall, and often fragrant. It does not like winter wet, it is best planted in pots and other limestone chips.
The eastern Mediterranean species: Cyclamen creticum, from Crete, cyclamen cyprium, from Cyprus; Cyclamen graecum, from Greece, Turkey and the southern Aegean islands, as well as cyclamen libanoticum, from Syria and Lebanon, remains to be seen are local, though not common. However, as these increasingly rare species of wild and living in threatened areas, most of the harmful natural enemies, tourism, and we should do our bit to ensure their survival, making them more widely used.
They are in the main, pay attention to the plant leaves and small pink flowers. Cyclamen graecum has some of the most beautiful foliage in the genus. In addition to the usual silver-gray spots, and its leaves, superficial vein with vivid green, maroon undersides and red teeth.

Cyclamen Flower PicturesCyclamen Flower Pictures

As mentioned earlier, cyclamen generally prefer partial shade, very good drainage, somewhat dry soil and cool conditions. They gently booming, rockery shadows, happy growing gap between the rocks, but also well adapted to the culture vessel, especially in the high mountain valleys. Most species are preferred neutral and alkaline conditions. AIDS added some limestone chips the soil drainage, to maintain pH value pairs.
That said, tough species such as Cyclamen hederifolium usually well adapted to acidic soil and plant cultivation, such as the Ericas and dwarf rhododendrons, so do not be afraid to try.
While a few species such as cyclamen libanoticum, prefer their tubers below the surface, in most cases, the top of the tuber should be above the soil surface. This helps to keep dry tubers, and to ensure the highest in winter stems of flowers and leaves do not rot on the ground. Tubers of indoor potted cyclamen should be kept dry - water in the soil surface, rather than tubers - even so, only when it has dried up.
Cyclamen are not heavy feeders. Regular feeding with a mild liquid fertilizer, housekeeper, flowering cyclamen grown well and garden fertilizer application of integrated light in the summer period of dormancy, is sufficient to ensure the continuous development of outdoor plants.
Plant pests and diseases are rare and usually appear healthy sign of poor growing conditions. Although slugs and snails can attack outdoor cyclamen, otherwise they should be free of pests. If indoor cyclamen gray mold signs that the other soft rot mildew and soil conditions may be too wet. If an error occurs powder scale insects and their possible that low humidity may also have spread to other plants have been disaster.

Most cyclamen are bought nursery grown container plants ready to be in the case of Cyclamen, planted in the room, or other plantations. With their growth and reproduction of their tubers, which can be lifted, when the dormant potential.
This slow but steady spread of the continuity of the method, to ensure economic growth, but if you need to speed up your cyclamen reproduction consider the propagation of plants from seed. While some fancy foliaged forms must be asexual reproduction to maintain their identity, an exact reproduction of the most reasonable Cyclamen species, from seed to the type and species of course.
Growing from seed is very simple, although you may have to wait a long time before the first flowers appear, usually 18 months to two years. Sow the seeds are ripe, usually late spring to early summer, in a fairly light, gritty soil. Temperature should be in a cool, about 18 ° C, but should gently cover the seeds with soil. If feasible, most seeds should germinate in 28-42 days. Seedlings can be pricked out into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to easily handle without damaging their fleshy stems.
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